Phlebotomy Technician

Phlebotomy Technician with Externship

Phlebotomists are allied health professionals who draw blood from patients or blood donors for medical testing. They can also prepare and process blood tests. Since bloodwork is often the least favorite part of a trip to the doctor’s office, it takes a skilled phlebotomist to know how to handle each patient and situation.  The Phlebotomy technician has direct contact with patients and must create an atmosphere of trust and confidence while explaining procedures, taking blood pressure, pulse and respiration readings, and drawing blood specimens in a skillful, safe and accurate manner.


Employment of phlebotomists is projected to grow 27 percent from 2012 to 2022, much faster than the average for all occupations. Hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers, and other locations will need phlebotomists to perform blood work.

Blood analysis remains an essential function in medical laboratories and hospitals. Demand for phlebotomists will remain high as doctors and other healthcare professionals require blood work for analysis and diagnoses.

Phlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions, research, or blood donations. Some of them explain their work to patients and provide assistance if patients have adverse reactions after their blood is drawn.

Phlebotomists typically do the following:

  • Draw blood from patients and blood donors
  • Talk with patients and donors so they are less nervous about having their blood drawn
  • Verify a patient or donor’s identity to ensure proper labeling
  • Label the drawn blood for testing or processing
  • Enter patient information into an onsite database
  • Assemble and maintain medical instruments such as needles, test tubes, and blood vials

Phlebotomists primarily draw blood, which is then used for different kinds of medical laboratory testing. In medical and diagnostic laboratories, patient interaction is often only with the phlebotomist. Because all blood samples look the same, phlebotomists must identify and label the sample they have drawn and enter it into a database. Some phlebotomists draw blood for other purposes, such as at blood drives where people donate blood. In order to avoid causing infection or other complications, phlebotomists must keep their work area and instruments clean and sanitary.

Phlebotomists work mainly in hospitals, medical and diagnostic laboratories, blood donor centers, and doctor’s offices.

The industries that employed the most phlebotomists in 2012 were as follows:

General medical and surgical hospitals; state, local, and private 40%
Medical and diagnostic laboratories 26
Other ambulatory health care services 18
Offices of physicians 9

According to the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics the median annual wage for phlebotomists was $29,730 in May 2012

Job Description

Phlebotomy technicians, or simply phlebotomists, are professionals who draw blood from patients. They take these blood samples to pass to laboratory and further check for health issues, like diseases, bacteria, cholesterol, etc. In the meantime, phlebotomists can work in all kinds of medical facilities, from hospitals to private laboratories.

Working as a phlebotomist can be a fun and rewarding job. You will meet a lot of new people on a day-to-day basis. As a phlebotomist, you are responsible for drawing blood from patients and delivering this blood to local laboratories for testing. Expect to draw blood from babies, children, young adults and elderly patients on a daily basis. Depending on where you work, you may see a specific age group more than any other. For instance, working on a hospital maternity floor might mean that you will be drawing blood from newborns regularly as well as their mothers.

Phlebotomist Job Duties

As a phlebotomist, you will be the one who draws blood from patients, collects a variety of other specimen samples as well as label the blood vials that you have filled. You will also be responsible for bringing all blood and specimen samples to the laboratory either in the hospital you are working in or locally in the area. Below is a quick list of the job duties that you should expect when working as a phlebotomy technician and form the phlebotomist job description in full:

  • Collect blood samples from patients
  • Practice proper patient identification, especially when working on hospital floors
  • Label vials with patient names and dates
  • Decipher the best method for drawing blood depending on the specific patient
  • Transport all specimen samples to a nearby laboratory
  • Centrifuge blood samples, depending on if this is allowed in the state you are working in
  • Expect to work with a large number of patients varying in age and health status
  • Be friendly, courteous and sympathetic when it comes to working with patients
  • Keep your phlebotomy cart or station well-organized at all times
  • Practice infection control standards at all times when working with patients and equipment

Phlebotomy skills and training differ from state to state. When you work as a phlebotomist, you are doing something great for yourself and for the patients you’re working with on a daily basis. It is important to be a real people-person as a phlebotomist because you will be working with a variety of different people regularly. The field of phlebotomy is also a very fast-paced one, but this can differ depending on where you work. Draw stations tend to be very quick-paced while hospital floors are a little slower. By training as a phlebotomist and entering the field, you will find that this helps you to have a career that is very rewarding and challenging all at the same time.

Program Overview

Course Description:

The Phlebotomy Technician program prepares individuals to collect blood from clients for the purpose of laboratory analysis. This course covers the following key areas and topics:

Course Objectives:

  • Process and procedures for collecting blood specimens for laboratory analysis.
  • All aspects of blood collection and related procedures.
  • The order of draw.
  • Universal precautions
  • Skills to perform venipunctures completely and safely.
  • Terminology and related anatomy and physiology.

Detailed Course Topics Covered: 

  • The history of phlebotomy and the healthcare setting.
  • Quality assurance and legal issues.
  • Infection control, safety, first aid, and personal wellness.
  • Universal precautions including safety protocols and infection control.
  • Laboratory operations (e.g. safety, quality control)
  • Blood banks and blood typing, lab departments and personnel.
  • Medical terminology and laboratory theory.
  • Human anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system.
  • Specimen collection, processing, and handling.
  • Blood collection equipment, additives, and order of the draw.
  • Venipuncture specimen collection procedures.
  • Capillary puncture equipment and procedures.
  • Special collections and point-of-care testing.
  • Arterial puncture procedures.
  • Non-blood specimens and tests.
  • Pediatric and geriatric blood collection.
  • Blood and blood composition, blood tubes, coagulation, venipuncture protocols, etc.
  • Heel puncture, protocol, practice, and syringe draws.
  • Respiratory, pneumonia and TB isolation protocol.
  • Laboratory skills and simulated/animated labs.

This course is online and is a self-paced, mentor-supported course with instructor feedback and assistance as required. Upon completion of the Phlebotomy Technician program a student will receive a Certificate of Completion from AHDPG and would be prepared to sit for the national certification exam administered by the National HealthCareer Association (NHA). Check your state requirements prior to enrolling.


The Phlebotomy Technician training program fee is an all-inclusive fee which covers everything a student needs to successfully complete our program. Our program fee covers:

  • Tuition
  • Textbooks
  • Materials
  • Course fees.

Our Phlebotomy Technician training program prepares students to function effectively as a Phlebotomy Technician. It provides students a well-rounded introduction to the profession, roles, etiquette and personality of a functioning and successful Phlebotomist and delivers the skills students need to function as a certified phlebotomy technician.

Program Title:  Phlebotomy Technician with Externship


Upon completion of the Phlebotomy Technician program a student will receive a Certificate of Completion from AHDPG and would be prepared to sit for the national certification exam administered by the National HealthCareer Association (NHA). Check your state requirements prior to enrolling.

Funding Options

Option 1 – Pay Upfront Plan – Save 10%!
The pay upfront program offers a 10% discount off the standard cost of our program for those individuals who are willing to pay upfront for their education.

Option 2 – Military Discount – Save 10%
As a Military Friendly School a 10% discount is available to active military personnel and their spouses.

*The Pay Upfront Plan and the Military Discount cannot be combined and is limited to only one discount

Option 3 – Monthly Payment Plan
The monthly payment plan includes a one-time initial payment of $295 due at time of enrollment with the balance billed in monthly installments. A 3% payment processing fee applies, and payments are automatically deducted from your credit card or bank account. Contact Admissions for details.

Option 4 – MyCAA Funding Program
We know that maintaining a career can be difficult with your military lifestyle. That’s why we provide a flexible way to complete your education in careers that are essential nationwide. Learn at home, on your own schedule for a career that will travel with you wherever you go. With MyCAA your education costs may be 100% covered, meaning you can focus on your future and not tuition costs. The MyCAA Funding program is administered by the Department of Defense.

More Information about the MyCAA funding program!

Phlebotomy Technician Certification

As a Certified Phlebotomy Technician (CPT), you’ll draw blood from patients in hospitals, blood centers, or similar facilities for analysis or other medical purposes. As a CPT, you may perform some or all of the following tasks:

  • Perform basic phlebotomy procedures
  • Evaluate patients for ability to withstand venipuncture procedure
  • Explain the venipuncture procedure and answer patient questions
  • Perform basic point of care testing, such as blood glucose levels on patients
  • Prepare blood, urine, and other body fluid specimens for testing according to established standards

Benefits to obtaining a Phlebotomy Certification may include: more job opportunities, an increased pay scale, job security, and increased subject matter expertise

See more information on the Certified Phlebotomy Technician certification (CPT)

Phlebotomy Technician Externship Program

Upon successful completion of the online training program a student is eligible for the Clinical Phlebotomy Externship. The Clinical Phlebotomy Externship is a standard 40 hour unpaid rotation. During this Externship students are given a chance to get hands on experience and practice conducting phlebotomy procedures on patients with supervision. The Externship is designed to ensure students get a minimum of 50 accurate sticks (combination of venipuncture/capillary sticks and 10 skin punctures) and record this on a log sheet that is signed by a lab supervisor.

As a participant in this Clinical Externship you must agree to provide a resume to their assigned Externship Coordinator no less than 3 weeks following initial contact. Failure to provide such resume will result in students not being able to participate in the externship opportunity. In addition the following terms and conditions apply to the externship:

  1. All externship opportunities are subject to the availability, scheduling and staffing needs of the facility.
  2. Students are expected to provide their own transportation to externship facilities.
  3. Attendance and punctuality at the facility is required.
  4. Students agree to comply with all facility policies including, but not limited to, the policy on professionalism, dress, uniform, and proper hygiene practices for a medical setting.
  5. The healthcare facility for which you volunteer is under no obligation to offer you employment (or any other employment benefit) at the conclusion of your clinical externship experience.
  6. All externship assignments are final and remain at the discretion of the facility. Under no circumstances are we or the facility to which you are assigned considered an employer with respect to students completing their clinical externship experience.

By participating in this process, students are entering into an unpaid volunteer clinical externship opportunity which, at no time, constitutes an employee-employer relationship. The facility is under no obligation to continue your clinical experience nor should you maintain these expectations.


Q: How much can I earn as a Phlebotomy Technician?

Q: What should I look for in choosing the best program for myself?

If you are going to invest money, time and effort do your homework. Make sure the curriculum is approved by the industry’s leading authorities – the National HealthCareer Association. Ensure that the instructors have relevant industry experience and find out how many of them have actually worked themselves and for how long. And most importantly, understand the difference between training and workforce development. Anyone can “teach” you; a workforce development company gives you the knowledge you need and provides the coaching, mentoring and feedback to turn it into a career.   

Q: Why can’t I just enroll in any phlebotomy technician program?

Let’s face it: some people are not qualified to teach a course and some programs do not include the all the information a student needs to be successfully employed. In fact, this is why the National HealthCareer Association partners with training organizations—to give individuals all the information they need in choosing the right program. Also, you should want a program that can provide you the knowledge and skills required by today’s employers- Let’s face it…you’re not doing this for fun…your ultimate goal is not to GET a job…it’s to be SUCCESSFULLY EMPLOYED!

Q: What are the admission requirements for AHDPG?

For the Phlebotomy Technician program a student must successfully pass our Student Screening Assessment. You must be able to pass this screening assessment with a score of 80 or higher to qualify for enrollment

Q: Is the online Phlebotomy Technician training program designed for independent self-study?

Yes, and it includes specific course assignments requiring interaction with your instructors to help support and encourage you.

Q: How long does it take to complete the online course?

The course is designed to be completed in 3 months by a student who can commit 10 hours per week to their studies. The amount of time to complete the course ultimately depends on a variety of factors attributable to each student.

Q: Will I have contact with my instructors at AHDPG?

Your instructor will have regular online office hours with e-mail support and telephone availability. You will personally know your instructor.

Q: What does the program fee include?

AHDPG offers the most comprehensive and inclusive program in the industry, The program includes tuition, textbooks and materials, and all course fees.

Q: What are the technical requirements for the course?

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Q: Can I use my Apple / Macintosh computer to take this course?

Yes, this course can be accessed using an Apple / Mac computer. See above for additional requirements.


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